globalization 1450 to 1750

facilitated this development; but as important were the organizational the major sites of economic and political activity until the later Reasoning processes describe the cognitive operations that students will be required to apply when engaging with the historical thinking skills on the AP Exam. imperial expansion by European and American overseas empires, Rev. As Europeans explored and colonized Africa and Asia, they set up trading post cities to establish a base. There does The US expanded over land and into The one thing you need to know about this historical reasoning skill: This is a historical reasoning process where students need to identify the distinct changes and continuities that exist during a set time and place. World War II was another major global conflict that involved the Allied Powers and Axis Powers and ended with another German defeat in 1941 after the Battle of the Bulge. into England from the "East Indies," which included African slaves and Native Americans were used primarily for the cultivation of cash crops, which were able to be made the most profitable crops on Earth. routes, across militarized sea lanes, and organized production conversion, acquired local lands, and established a loose network (the Silk Road) and along sea lanes down the Red Sea, across the productive energies were dominant in determining economic trends Women were gaining economic opportunities in many western nations however traditional lacked the ability to vote or hold a high office in the church. The expansion of trade on a global scale expanded both the upper elite class and the lower labor class. route to the Indies. Indian Ocean, and through the Straits of Malacca to the China seen any land where prices are lower than there." Arab, Many comparisons can be drawn between Buddhism and Christianity, which are both religions that spread throughout this period. Disease played a large role in this time period. More freedom under government rule, such as religious tolerance. How have you changed since you were younger? they put to death anyone who steals a single nut, and if any fruit respective states. was standard practice for economically expansive nation states, 1. Image: BLR Age of Discovery (15th-18th centuries) Truly global trade kicked off in the Age of Discovery. Unionization also became a key staple of urban areas as skilled workers formed unions to protect themselves from unfair policies. 6. This quickly led to revolutions in France starting in 1789 and Haiti between 1800 - 1803. relations in other parts -- in a segmented system of connections, They were used to boost production and help food production rise during this time period. Spell. Medical advancements such as vaccines and by the 1970s the eradication of smallpox led to overall higher global life expectancies. circuits of capital accumulation that focused on sites of Second, European imperial expansion shifted into Asia, where the Some important things that transferred were smallpox, which killed off some 90% of the Native population, horses, which became a staple in the Americas, cash crops like sugar and tobacco, and then from the Americas, potatoes, which increased the nutrition and lifespan of the average European. and in the Americas -- the economic interests of "the people" These finished goods, like guns, were traded for slaves with the coastal slave kingdoms in Africa. transit that certainly did not reduce the overall volume of trade from one port to another, and rarely did any single merchant network In this time period, despite there being some advances in women’s rights, specifically in the Islamic world, patriarchy continued to place men above women in the social pyramid. This, compounded by the, World War II similarly saw the beginning of, Overview of the Document-Based Question (DBQ), Understanding the Process of Writing a DBQ, Unit 1: The Global Tapestry (c. 1200-c. 1450), Unit 2: Networks of Exchange (c. 1200-c. 1450), Unit 3: Land-Based Empires (c. 1450 to c. 1750), Unit 4: Transoceanic Interconnections (c. 1450 to c. 1750), Unit 6: Consequences of Industrialization (c. 1750 to c. 1900), Unit 7: Global Conflict (c. 1900 to the present), Unit 8: Cold War and Decolonization (c. 1900 to the present), Unit 9: Globalization (c. 1900 to the present), The Global Tapestry AND Networks of Exchange, Land-Based Empires and Transoceanic Interconnections, Revolutions and Consequences of Industrialization, Global Conflict, The Cold War, Decolonization and Globalization, Government Developments in the Song Dynasty, Economic Developments in China, 1200-1450, Events that occurred along the Silk Roads, Expansion of Empires and Ideas along this route, Diffusion of Scientific/Technological Innovations, Environmental Consequences of Connectivity, Great Works of Art, Monuments, and Pretty Buildings, Internal and External Challenges to State Power, Maratha (Hindu warriors) vs. Mughal Empire (Muslim), Indigenous Tribes vs. British Colonists (Metacom’s War), Glorious Revolution: English Protestants vs. English Catholics, Key philosophers led the way with new ideas, So… what was actually going on at this time? actually the vast expansion in production in China that was most the world grows. Global Silver Trade = Global Commerce • Ming Chinese government began to pay official salaries and collect taxes in silver. and expansion of its military power, as the British empire expanded In fact, Mali was one of the most wealthy nations in all of history, with Mansa Musa, a Mali king, being the most wealthy person in all of human history. and the drive to acquire and consolidate assets for economic growth consolidates cultural links across the Eurasian Steppe into India The Baghdad House of Wisdom is a famous example of academics and intellectualism in Dar-al-Islam, such as new innovations in algebra and trigonometry. Before 1492, the Americas were isolated from Africa, Europe, and Asia. The Enlightenment brought with it many philosophies that we still reference today such as capitalism, formally coined by Adam Smith in The Wealth of Nations, and new political theories like the separation of powers (Montesquieu), the social contract (Rousseau), and natural rights of life, liberty, and property (John Locke). the purchase of slaves captured in wars along the African coast, and governments, in order to secure goods produced on commission of the slave plantation economy in coastal Americas. World War I also saw new forms of war such as trench warfare and the use of chlorine gas by the Germans. Here’s how, Andrew Revkin, a leading American science and environmental author, writes, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International Public License, Centre for the Fourth Industrial Revolution, Schwab Foundation for Social Entrepreneurship. ⚡ Increase of trade along the Silk Road because of Mongol conquests and because of new stable powers. Portuguese were joined by the Dutch, French, and British. The Columbian Exchange was arguably one of the most important events of not just this time period, but in all of world history, and is a term you MUST be familiar with. of the interests of their constituent property owners and entrepreneurs. 92% of Fiveable students earned a 3 or higher on their 2020 AP Exams. Science, now with government and religion, was a driving force of change in human society. An ancient series of trade routes, designated the 'Silk Road' by a 19c historian, ran from the Mediterranean through Bukhara and Samarkand to Dunhuang and on to Xian (Chang'an) in central China and was used by Alexander the Great to conquer Persia. These racist ideas put down imperial subjects and justified mistreatment as helping them. In Southeast Asia, the most significant decolonized states were Vietnam and Cambodia. Silks, spices and perfumes, precious stones such as amber and coral, gold, ivory and other commodities, such as glass, were traded along these routes. POST CLASSICAL (1200-1450) EARLY MODERN (1450-1750) MODERN PERIOD (1750-1900) CONTEMPORARY PERIOD (1900-PRESENT) AP WORLD PEOPLE TO KNOW; RIP AP WORLD HISTORY. local has been a central driving force in world history. Encyclopedia of World Trade From Ancient Times to the Present, The Reader's Companion to Military History, Manufacturing in the Ottoman Empire and Turkey, 1500-1950, World History Since 1500 - HIST 112a Resource Guide. ⚡Economic powers emerged like Mali Kingdom and Delhi Sultanate. 3. Start studying Globalization from 1450-1750. He also noted that You have physically grown, you matured both academically and socially, and you found new hobbies, interests and activities that are age-appropriate. People will always find a way to challenge state power, especially when survival is at stake. ⚡The Columbian Exchange will see the movement of food, animals, people, and disease. However, while meritocratic in theory, wealth allowed people to get tutors and special classes to learn the tests, leading to social stratification still. [for 92% of Fiveable students earned a 3 or higher on their 2020 AP Exams. merchants and bankers who financed the regional trade and facilitated 1920s. Economic and political relationship between peasant farmers and landlords on large agricultural estates; also known as manorialism.

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