logic programming languages in ppl pdf

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COMPILERS A compiler is a program that reads a program written in one language – the source language – and translate it into an equivalent program in another language – the target language. endstream The Beginnings of Data Abstraction: SIMULA 67. endobj stream <> <> <> x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ endstream endobj <> 40 0 obj 164 0 obj endobj endstream endobj EXCEPTION HANDLING & LOGIC PROGRAMMING 4.11 Exception Handling:Exceptions, Exception Propagation 4.12 Exception Handler in Ada 4.13 C++ and Java 4.14 Logic Programming Language : Introduction An Overview of Logic Programming 4.15 The Basic Elements of PROLOG 4.16 Applications of Logic Programming stream endstream z. <> endobj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���D�%_!�+�� �� stream endobj 2 Chapter 16: Logic Programming 7 Introduction to Predicate Calculus Proposition: a logical statement that may or may not be true. <> x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ <> endstream 41 0 obj 94 0 obj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ endobj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ z. <> endstream endstream stream endobj <> x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ 28 0 obj endstream x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ 148 0 obj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ endstream endstream z. Prolog (PROgramming in LOGic) is a representative logic language <> 97 0 obj stream stream 73 0 obj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���P�%_!�+�� [� endstream endobj endobj 163 0 obj <> endobj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���@�%_!�+�� � <> stream endstream endobj stream x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���T�%_!�+�� �� endstream <> endobj 75 0 obj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ 132 0 obj 5 0 obj 21 0 obj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���B�%_!�+�� �� endobj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ stream endstream endstream 139 0 obj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ <> x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ 13 0 obj stream x�3R��2�35W(�*T0P�R0T(�Y@���@QC= P A�J��� �1Tp�W� stream x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ endobj 50 0 obj Prolog, PROgramming in LOGic, is a declarative programming language which is based on the ideas of logic programming, such as those discussed above. 127 0 obj <> stream �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���\�%_!�+�� l� <> 108 0 obj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���P�%_!�+�� � �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���P�%_!�+�� �� x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���R�%_!�+�� � stream endobj 54 0 obj endobj endstream Programs are written in the language of some logic. endobj <> endobj stream stream �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$��L�%_!�+�� �� <> 186 0 obj <> <> stream endobj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ endobj 184 0 obj endobj endstream <> 159 0 obj endstream endobj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���D�%_!�+�� �� endobj 128 0 obj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ endobj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���L�%_!�+�� �� endobj 133 0 obj Third Edition, 2014 �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���L�%_!�+�� /� x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���X�%_!�+�� Y� endobj 35 0 obj endobj <> endobj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ ��`-�/8JP�N�2%�XM� �urN� �ko��,Egx�#�/ �YB��F�Ux��᥂�-�2�����%�9�+D���(�2C����bq��> endobj 81 0 obj endobj 3. endobj endobj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ endstream endstream endobj endstream endstream stream endobj %PDF-1.2 129 0 obj endobj 178 0 obj endobj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���H�%_!�+�� ;� �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$��T�%_!�+�� �� 175 0 obj <> x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ <> stream endobj 162 0 obj TEXT BOOKS: 1. 158 0 obj endstream endstream endobj <> stream <> endobj DoC Imperial College London. <> 165 0 obj 168 0 obj <> stream <> endobj <> <> 182 0 obj endstream endobj 146 0 obj endobj Following our strategy, we first endobj endobj stream <> endobj stream �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���X�%_!�+�� �� <> <>/Group <> stream stream 105 0 obj endobj stream endobj o��n��e�^t�v[7�E�\싋��K���Ja���U���l�վGo'�Ҩ}��D����l�.�Y1"2�� ���I3�(gBe�,K�u��!�g�ӿ�]%"'�8���������%�!�����ʒ�&� ��"qV]�����°$J�n�u=\���m3T�]�� ���8I��q.��rP9��ʱT��`��u�8���T��r'Ә�`��%�r继`B'�7�7êm�a�LG$`�x|Z��E�!/`��0l�O�2�+.��P�X��wH$�I#��^")�H:I$EI�D�H"��H�%�NI�D�J$��l���T]]l2���9(s�˥�}O�,�͚\�?�~�(g�Ҏa,1�2�Xz�%�XNK����c�1�c9a,��K���jE���Z�0"���;ݏ���i�u�8����a؝.���׋�_���E��/Z�h�,�}�W��쳗 �=��Q� 6}kΩ��M}Uu}�9�r^��/"O��:.aɋ�V�aˡ*/�v�^�,����ܨ����.�Ϗ� 53 0 obj 166 0 obj endstream endobj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ 48 0 obj 67 0 obj PDF | Volume 9, Computational Logic (Joerg Siekmann, editor). • That is, one specifies: – … endstream endobj 92 0 obj endstream endstream 58 0 obj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ 119 0 obj endstream x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ <> stream x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ <> <> Programming Based on Logic: Prolog. endstream 7 0 obj 172 0 obj <> endobj 120 0 obj <> 123 0 obj 17 0 obj endstream x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ 179 0 obj <> x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ endobj 63 0 obj endstream �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���P�%_!�+�� �� �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���R�%_!�+�� j� <> stream 32 0 obj stream 52 0 obj • A non-procedural language one in which one specifies WHAT needs to be computed but not HOW it is to be done. x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���L�%_!�+�� � �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���\�%_!�+�� �� �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���X�%_!�+�� :� 126 0 obj endobj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���@�%_!�+�� �� <> 104 0 obj <> 180 0 obj stream <> 161 0 obj 181 0 obj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ <> stream endstream endobj <> <> x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ <> endstream 96 0 obj <> Alain Colmerauer, Philippe Roussel and others at the University of Aix-Marseille implement the first Prolog system in 1973. 84 0 obj 36 0 obj <> x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ <> 19 0 obj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ 29 0 obj endobj endobj <> x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ <> x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���L�%_!�+�� u� endobj 109 0 obj 154 0 obj endstream 191 0 obj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���X�%_!�+�� �� �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���B�%_!�+�� �� <> <> <> endstream endobj endobj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ <> x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ endobj endstream endobj 86 0 obj endstream 3 0 obj stream endobj <> endstream endstream x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ <> endobj 49 0 obj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ <> x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ <> 11 0 obj of Edinburgh. stream 113 0 obj <> �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���D�%_!�+�� w� endobj <> �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���D�%_!�+�� X� endstream Combining Imperative and Object-Oriented Features: C++. stream stream 42 0 obj endobj 135 0 obj endobj endobj <> 149 0 obj Logic and Rule-based Languages: ―What versus ―how: Specification versus implementation, Principles of Logic Programming, PROLOG, Functional Programming versus Logic Programming, Rule-based Languages. Can either assert truth (“john speaks Russian”) or query existing knowledge base (“does john speak Russian”). endobj stream <> �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���H�%_!�+�� y� 117 0 obj endstream �`�QN�t@�d�L'�i2 A�d�,s��G�]s��3�N�7�0!yӖ��>�{���[gF�dA^�Wy��7k�9huf�0��,�fל`��,�Y��s�9�`N'���4�9 avs��t��UUփ�8�刑�L����Z���U S�,��q endobj endobj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���D�%_!�+�� � 101 0 obj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���H�%_!�+�� �� stream x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ stream <> <> 152 0 obj 34 0 obj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���L�%_!�+�� �� stream <> endobj <> endobj <> �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���\�%_!�+�� �� © Simran, Max & Charence 2006 <> stream endstream 24 0 obj <> endstream stream endobj <> <> stream 171 0 obj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���P�%_!�+�� z� �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���T�%_!�+�� �� 167 0 obj 107 0 obj endobj stream language’ of logic along with a theorem-proving program can b e a quic k programming metho d for testing ideas.” Ho wev er, he do es not seem to hav e pursued these ideas muc h further. endobj endobj endobj <> 87 0 obj 56 0 obj endstream �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$��B�%_!�+�� �� endobj endobj endobj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���B�%_!�+�� -� <> endstream Some Important Descendants of the ALGOLs. endobj <> x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ <> 60 0 obj 18 0 obj The aim of this study is to compare the two non-imperative languages: Logic Programming and Functional Programming, This paper contains information about each language including an overview of these program languages, and the use of them, after that <> 90 0 obj �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���H�%_!�+�� � x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���L�%_!�+�� �� <> 51 0 obj endobj <> endobj 64 0 obj x�3R��2�35W(�2�300P@&�ҹ 124 0 obj stream stream 185 0 obj endstream 145 0 obj 47 0 obj <> 142 0 obj <> <> 136 0 obj stream <> �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���X�%_!�+�� x� stream <> 106 0 obj 66 0 obj The aim of this study is to compare the two non-imperative languages: Logic Programming and Functional Programming, This paper contains information about each language including an overview of these program languages, and the use of them, after that �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���B�%_!�+�� � �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���D�%_!�+�� 1� <> �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���P�%_!�+�� � endobj 4. 183 0 obj 62 0 obj endobj endobj endobj stream endstream <> �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$��\�%_!�+�� �� Formulated in 1974 by a professor at Univ. �ʁt�1H��@aL*9�K?$���@�%_!�+�� �� <> endstream

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