rules for use of ing form in english grammar

(Wrong), b) He behaves as if he were a king. Founded in 1996, EF English Live has been at the cutting edge of language learning for nearly two decades, having been the first to pioneer a 24-hour teacher-led online English course . It’s all about context. For an action that has still to take place. 1. In fact, it can be a little confusing knowing which to use sometimes. Anthony was fishing. The most common ways of talking about the future we encounter use ‘will’ or ‘be going to’ followed by an infinitive, and we tend to use ‘be … Last week is being used as an adverb of past time. You might have heard people talking about future plans in another way however. So, we have something to the effect. Also, playing football on Saturday is probably not a regular event for you. 4. By next July we shall have been living here for four years. Wil is a writer, teacher, learning technologist and keen language learner. 11. Represents an action as going on at sometime in the future. Note that most nouns and adjectives that can be followed by –ing forms can’t be followed by infinitives. Every element of a sentence eventually relates to the verb. Advanced English Grammar Course. Tense is the form taken by a verb to indicate time and continuance or completeness of action.The continuance or completeness of action is denoted by four subcategories. I am reading Sidney Sheldon now a days. In fact, it can be a little confusing knowing which to use sometimes. In this case Past simple and Past continuous are used together. 2. To indicate the completed activities in the immediate past. 5. 1. The noun form of -ing. 4. Action completed in the immediate past or an action of the past whose effect lingers in the present. ‘Since’ is used with a point of time. ‘Could’ is used when we wish that something that has happened already should have happened otherwise. For long actions and situations which started in the near past and went on until very recently. He saw a woman lying on the floor.-ing forms as nouns-ing nouns are nearly always uncount nouns.They can be used: 3. You can get fit by swimming regularly.. as an adjective:; The main problem today is rising prices. Here past perfect is used for the action, which happened earlier. When the -ing form is used as a noun, it modifies (or gives context to) a verb. The time of the action may or may not be indicated. Verbs ending with "consonant-vowel-consonant" When a verb ends with a consonant-vowel-consonant and we put STRESS on this sound in speech, we double the last consonant. Backed by a world-class team of academic and technical experts, plus two thousand certified online English teachers, our mission is to use technology to create a fundamentally better way to learn English. This ‘by now’ is implied and need not be written. A verb ending in -ing is either a present participle or a gerund. These two forms look identical. We make the -ing form by adding -ing to the base verb and adjusting the spelling as necessary:. So, we should use the present continuous. EF English Live and Englishlive.ef.com are registered trademarks. The -ing form is used in past, present and future continuous tenses, for example:. 1. 6. Use the comments section to answer, and remember to only talk about events that you have to taken some action to make happen or that you do regularly at the weekend. In this case it is necessary to show which action happened earlier than the other. Did you know that there are at least four different ways to use the -ing form of verbs in English? To describe the past events when we think more of their effect in the present than of the action itself. That programme was really boring. With the present perfect continuous tense an adverb or phrase that expresses time is used. In this case, it’s likely that playing football on Saturdays is a common activity for you. To express changing or developing situations. The present perfect is never used with adverbs of past time. For past habits ‘used to’ is added to the verb. When we use the present continuous to talk about the future, we often use words to show when something is happening (e.g. Will or Shall cannot be used twice in the same sentence even if both the actions refer to the future tense. tomorrow / next Friday / at the weekend). That’s right ­ it’s the present continuous, but in this case we are using it to talk about future plans. Generally time period is mentioned along with it. The most common ways of talking about the future we encounter use ‘will’ or ‘be going to’ followed by an infinitive, and we tend to use ‘be going to’ most often for talking about future plans. He did not go because he was busy yesterday. (Wrong), a) He behaves as if he is a king. Past simple is used for the new action. When two actions happened in the past. Event occurring at the same time must be given in the same tense. 1. The difference is in their functions in a sentence. Some verbs and adjectives can be followed by either an –ing form or an infinitive. 1. Some nouns and adjectives can be followed by –ing forms. !, well explained , Your email address will not be published.

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